】89元团购原价425元赶考网Vicki老师高中语法精讲课程威尼斯国际平台app:,在近年的高考试题中

by admin on 2019年12月1日

  文章来源:跨考教育 肖方方-英语教研室

If he had played last season,however,he would have been one of 42. (2008
text3 )(如果他打了上个赛季,他将只是42个(最高的人)中的一个)

A. to invite B. inviting C. to have invited D. having invited

If she had worked harder, she would have succeeded.

在《星火英语语法全解》中,虚拟语气的定义是:在表示虚假的、与事实相反的或难以实现的情况时;表示主观愿望或表示某种强烈情感时,用虚拟语气。

  And if one received agrape without having to provide her token in
exchange at all, the other eithertossed her own token at the researcher
or out of the chamber, or refused toaccept the slice of cucumber。(2005
text 1
)(如果一只猴子甚至没有用石块就能得到葡萄,另一只猴子就会向研究人员扔石头,或者把石头扔出房间,或者拒绝接受一片黄瓜。)

虚拟语气是考研英语阅读理解、完形填空和翻译一个很常见的语法现象。但是其形式多,很多考生在判断辨识上有一定难度。那下面跨考教育肖方方老师就此考点带领大家一起学习一下。虚拟语气的考点一般在考研中有四大类:if
引导的从句类;从句中(should)do
句型;特殊句型类以及单用句型类。我们今天先学习第一类别。

—I’d rather you didn’t. I feel a bit cold。

If you succeeded, everything would be all right.

3.与将来事实相反的虚拟语气

If I should see/were to see/saw him tomorrow,I would invite him home.

如果明天见到他,我会邀请他到我家。(事实是明天我见不到他)

If it should be/were fine tomorrow,I would go on a trip.

如果明天天气好的话,我要去旅游。(事实是明天天气无法好起来)

This printer is of good quality.If it should break down within the first
year,we would repair it at our expense.

这台打印机质量很好。如果一年内出现问题,我们将免费维修。

与将来事实相反的虚拟语气常用结构为:If引导的从句中的谓语可用“动词过去式、should+动词原形、were
to+动词原形”,主句用“would/should/could/might+动词原形”。

从句中的should表示的可能性最大,动词过去式的可能性次之,were to
do的可能性最小。

主句中的would表示必然的结果,could表示能够,might表示可能的结果。


  If he had put all theimportant files in the safe yesterday, his boss
wouldn’t be scolding him soangrily
now。(如果昨天他把所有重要文件都放在保险箱中,他的老板现在也不会这个严厉的说他。)

If you were to examine the birth certificates of every soccer player in
2006’s World Cup tournament, you would most likely find a noteworthy
quirk: elite soccer players are more likely to have been born in the
earlier months of the year than in the later months.(2007 text
1)(如果查看2006年世界杯联赛每个足球运动员的出生证,你很可能发笑一个值得注意的奇怪现象:好的足球运动员都在一年的头几个月而不是后几个月出生。)

⑴情态动词Would/could/might,表示说话人的礼貌或委婉的语气,常用于日常会话中。

句型:条件从句<过去完成时>;主句     

2.与过去事实相反的虚拟语气

I would have told you yesterday if you had been here.

如果你当时在这儿的话,我昨天就告诉你了。

If  you had worked hard, you would have easily passed the final
examination.

如果你当时努力学习的话,就会轻松通过期末考试的。

If we had had enough rain last year,we could have gained a good harvest.

如果去年雨水充足的话,我们可能会有一个好收成。

与过去事实相反的虚拟语气常用结构为:If引导的条件从句中的动词用“had+过去分词”,主句动词用“would/should/could/might+have+过去分词”。

  为尊重原创,转载请注明出处!

专业品质,品质教育!

③表示与过去事实相反的愿望,宾语从句的谓语动词用过去完成时。

真实条件句

一、真实条件句中的虚拟语气(说话者不确定是否与事实相符)

If I have enough money,I will go to the zoo with you.

如果我有足够的钱,我会和你一起去动物园的。(说话者不确定钱够不够,“我得数一数钱是否足够,如果够我就去。”)

If we get caught,we will be expelled.

如果我们被抓到,我们会被开除。(会不会被抓到并不知道)

  3)与将来事实相反的非真实条件句,从句用should do 或 were to do
结构,主句中用 would /could/should 加动词原形。

If he had put all the important files in the safe yesterday, his boss
wouldn’t be scolding him so angrily
now.(如果昨天他把所有重要文件都放在保险箱中,他的老板现在也不会这个严厉的说他。)

—Shall I give you a ride as you live so far away?

示对将来的假想

1.与现在事实相反的虚拟语气

If I were a bird, I would fly.

如果我是只鸟,我一定能飞。

If I had enough money,I would first of all buy myself a computer.

如果我有足够的钱,我首先为自己买一台电脑。

If there were no clouds,we should not enjoy the sun.

如果没有阴云密布,我们就不会享受阳光。

与现在事实相反的虚拟语气常用结构为:If引导的条件从句中的动词用过去式(be的过去式用were),主句动词为“would/should/could/might+动词原形”。

  1)与现在事实相反的非真实条件句,从句中用一般过去时,主句中用would/could/
should 加动词原形,be 动词的过去式为were。

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一。考纲要求

If you should succeed, everything would be all right.

威尼斯国际平台app 1

  Had it not for the timelyinvestment from the general public, our
company would not be so thriving as itis。(1998
)(如果不是群众投资,我们的公司不会像现在这么兴旺。)

现在就去团>>

—It couldn’t have been better. Luckily, I found all the answers to
questions。

If you were to succeed, everything would be all right.

文/普通的马儿

  6)用介词或连词表示虚拟。比如with,without, under…condition, but for

3)与将来事实相反的非真实条件句,从句用should do 或were to do
结构,主句中用would /could/should 加动词原形。

If only Xiao Hua’s mother were still alive!

If they were here, they would help you.

威尼斯国际平台app 2

  If he had played lastseason,however,he would have been one of 42.
(2008 text3 )(如果他打了上个赛季,他将只是42个(最高的人)中的一个)

1)与现在事实相反的非真实条件句,从句中用一般过去时,主句中用would/could/
should 加动词原形,be 动词的过去式为were.

4.
若insist表示“坚持说”,suggest表示“暗示,表明”,其后的宾语从句用陈述语气。

句型:条件从句<一般过去时/were+ 不定式/should+ 动词原形>;主句

四、虚拟语气常用句式

Were it not for you help,I would never be a good manager.

要不是你的帮助,我永远也成不了好经理。

Had it not been for you,I would have lost my way.

当时要不是你,我就迷路了。

Were it not for…“如果要不是……”,Had it not been
for…“当时要不是……”两者均是虚拟语气的常用句式。

更多虚拟语气知识,请参考原著。


作者:普通的马儿
小学英语教师,喜欢研究各种学习方法,喜欢阅读小说,总想写点什么的待产孕妈。

计划每日写一篇文章,每日复习新学英语单词200个,每周学一首英文歌。

  我们知道由if
引导的条件句有两种形式,一种是真实的条件句,也就说是某事很可能发生,条件是可能存在的,主句中某种情况发生的概率也是很高的。例如If
you intend using humor in your talk to make people smile, youmust know
how to identify shared experiences and problems。(2002。Text1
)(如果你想在谈话中用幽默来使人发笑,你就必须知道如何识别共同的经历和共同的问题。)

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4.
当前后两个说话人谈论的是同一人、同一事时,常用so/as+主语+系动词/助动词/情态动词,不再采用主谓倒装。例如:

语法日

三、非真实条件句省略If的情况

If I had worked hard,I would have surely successed.=

Had I worked hard,I would have surely succeed.

如果我当时努力学习的话,我肯定会成功的。

If time were to go back,I would study double hard.=

were time to go back,I would study double hard.

如果时光能倒流,我会加倍努力。

If she should be my daughter,I wouldn’t allow her to study abroad.=

Should she be my daughter,I wouldn’t allow her to study abroad.

如果她是我的女儿,我就不让她出国学习了。

当非真实条件句中有should,had,were时,可以省if,而把should,had,were提至主语前,形成部分倒装。

  句型;特殊句型类以及单用句型类。我们今天先学习第一类别。

名师介绍

Long ago there lived a king with his three lovely daughters。

天气冷了,要多加衣多喝热水哦[玫瑰]

二、非真实条件句中的虚拟语气

  这是比较常规和比较容易辨识的虚拟语气,希望同学们多加练习。肖方方老师也希望广大的考生在复习的过程中把遇到的所有长难句都进行汇总到一个笔记本上,积累自己的薄弱点,才能针对性提高。

Vicki老师:硕士学历,拥有丰富的带课经验,善于捕捉学生心理,矫正学生学习态度,重视因材施教,鼓励式教育和心理沟通,课上积极树立为人师表之形象,课下转身以朋友之姿态面对学生和家长,愿以诚挚之心,尽心、尽力地服务好每一个学生。

4.在in case, in order that目的状语从句中

今天的虚拟语气就到这里啦,看完以后别忘了学懂你哦(奋斗脸)🤑[奋斗]

  另一种就非真实条件句,通过虚拟语气来表达。例如Iwould have arrived
much earlier if I had not been caught in the
traffic。(要不是交通堵塞,我本会来得早一些。)在这句话中,假设“不堵塞”,但是真实情况并不是这样,所以用虚拟语气。一般有6种常见的形式:

And if one received a grape without having to provide her token in
exchange at all, the other either tossed her own token at the researcher
or out of the chamber, or refused to accept the slice of cucumber.(2005
text 1
)(如果一只猴子甚至没有用石块就能得到葡萄,另一只猴子就会向研究人员扔石头,或者把石头扔出房间,或者拒绝接受一片黄瓜。)

—Well, I________, but I forgot it。

同现在事实相反的假设

  If you were to examine thebirth certificates of every soccer player
in 2006’s World Cup tournament, youwould most likely find a noteworthy
quirk: elite soccer players are more likelyto have been born in the
earlier months of the year than in the latermonths。(2007 text
1)(如果查看2006年世界杯联赛每个足球运动员的出生证,你很可能发笑一个值得注意的奇怪现象:好的足球运动员都在一年的头几个月而不是后几个月出生。)

我们知道由if
引导的条件句有两种形式,一种是真实的条件句,也就说是某事很可能发生,条件是可能存在的,主句中某种情况发生的概率也是很高的。例如If
you intend using humor in your talk to make people smile, you must know
how to identify shared experiences and problems.(2002。Text1
)(如果你想在谈话中用幽默来使人发笑,你就必须知道如何识别共同的经历和共同的问题。)

  1. not 修饰主语而不是修饰动词时,句子不倒装。例如:

示与过去事实相反的假设

  指的是主句和从句分别表示两个时态,动词形式依照上述三种形式进行相应的变化。

开团时间:2014.5.4 10:30

May the friendship between us last long!

时态:可以表示过去,现在和将来的情况。它的基本特点是时态退后。

  4)混合时态的虚拟

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Strange though it may seem, I like housework。

句型:条件从句<一般过去时>;主句

  5)省if
将从句中的系动词或助动词提前到主语之前,变成倒装句,考生对这种形式应该理解和掌握。

6)用介词或连词表示虚拟。比如:with,without, under…condition, but for .

⑶含蓄虚拟条件句

之~ 虚拟语气(一)

  If you then examined theEuropean national youth teams that feed the
World Cup and professional ranks,you would find this strange phenomenon
to be ever more pronounced。(2007,text
1)(查看为世界杯和专业队输送人才的欧洲国家青年队,你会发现这一奇怪的现象更加明显。)

考研英语:虚拟语气知多少 (一)

在一些名词性从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”或“should +have
done”,表示惊讶、意志等感情色彩,译为“竟然,居然”。

  虚拟语气是考研[微博]英语阅读理解、完形填空和翻译一个很常见的语法现象。但是其形式多,很多考生在判断辨识上有一定难度。那下面跨考教育[微博]肖方方老师就此考点带领大家一起学习一下。虚拟语气的考点一般在考研中有四大类:if
引导的从句类;从句中(should)do

开团时间:2014.05.05 10:30

I find it astonishing that he should be so rude to his mum。

  2)与过去事实相反的非真实条件句,从句用过去完成时,主句用would/could/should
+have done 。

虚拟语气是很多英语学者的难题,小编这里找到了虚拟语气的详细语法内容,希望对大家有帮助。

  1. (2008江西)What a pity! Considering his ability and experience, he
    ____ better。

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I wouldn’t have dreamed of it. 我做梦也没有想到啊!

2)与过去事实相反的非真实条件句,从句用过去完成时,主句用would/could/should
+have done .

Here you are。

告别题海,和四六级说拜拜!

It is a shame that children (should) be forced to beg in the streets in
the capital city。

另一种就非真实条件句,通过虚拟语气来表达。例如I would have arrived much
earlier if I had not been caught in the
traffic.(要不是交通堵塞,我本会来得早一些。)在这句话中,假设“不堵塞”,但是真实情况并不是这样,所以用虚拟语气。一般有6种常见的形式:

  1. 当only修饰主语而不是修饰状语时,句子不倒装。例如:

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大学英语四/六级语法词法精讲班(2选1)主讲老师:
付建利课时数:20有效期:自课程开通起3个月原价:400沪江团购价:180元课程表:大学英语四级语法词法精讲班大学英语六级语法词法精讲班适合人群:1、准备参加6月份上半年大学英语四六级考试的同学2、四、六级词法语法基础薄弱的同学学习目标:1、帮助基础薄弱的同学通过四、六级2、帮助已经通过四、六级的同学提高分数

If America had not made wars on Iraq, the Iraqi people would be living a
peaceful life now。

4)混合时态的虚拟

  1. 全部倒装

英孚教育课程价格表

It is strange /surprising that she should not have been invited。

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Me About名师在线》栏目嘉宾,主持《阅读Style——品读经典名著》
以及《英语早餐》
等英语教学节目。在教学实践中将知识讲授与文学文化鉴赏共冶一炉,独创英语阅读逻辑分析法等受到业内广泛认可。

考点解析:句意为:我原计划去散步,但是有人来访,我无法走开。had planned
to do sth表示过去未能实现的打算。最佳答案为B。

这是比较常规和比较容易辨识的虚拟语气,希望同学们多加练习。肖方方老师也希望广大的考生在复习的过程中把遇到的所有长难句都进行汇总到一个笔记本上,积累自己的薄弱点,才能针对性提高。

⑵在下列动词后的宾语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,should可省略。这类动词有:insist(坚持),
urge (催促), order(命令), command(命令), request(请求,要求),
demand(要求),require(要求,需要)suggest(建议),advise(建议),propose(建议)
, recommend(建议, 推荐) 等。

If you then examined the European national youth teams that feed the
World Cup and professional ranks, you would find this strange phenomenon
to be ever more pronounced.(2007,text 1
)(查看为世界杯和专业队输送人才的欧洲国家青年队,你会发现这一奇怪的现象更加明显。)

四. 注意事项

课程详情

—Yes,butI’drathernothavedoneit. 我要是不批评她就好了。

现在就去团>>

Only in this way can you learn English well。

新航道英语雅思如何

—I’d prefer it if you didn’t smoke in front of the children。

团购平台:>>沪江团购<<

(1) if条件状语从句中的虚拟语气

远离死记硬背,高效快乐学英语!

⑴在主语从句中, 在下面的几种情况下,谓语动词通常用“should +动词原形”

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  1. 在It is (high)
    time(that)…定语从句中,谓语用过去时或用should+动词原形。should不可省略。

冲破四六级枷锁!

Without your help, we could not have completed the task ahead of time.
=If it had not been for your help…

Had it not for the timely investment from the general public, our
company would not be so thriving as it is.(1998
)(如果不是群众投资,我们的公司不会像现在这么兴旺。)

I am glad that your story should have won the first prize。

5)省if
将从句中的系动词或助动词提前到主语之前,变成倒装句,考生对这种形式应该理解和掌握。

If you should change your mind, do let me know。

指的是主句和从句分别表示两个时态,动词形式依照上述三种形式进行相应的变化。

In case you should need any help, here’s my number。

品牌介绍

第十三讲 倒装句

课程详情

  1. hadthought/hoped/meant/intended/expected/wanted/plannedthat+从句
    表示主语过去未曾实现的愿望。

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IhadhopedthatIwouldbeof some help to you, but you didn’t ask me。

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If only I had known the answer when my teacher questioned me。

一步跨越语法难关!

依据语境来判断虚拟语气的不同形式是高考试题的主要设题方法之一。在近年的高考试题中,出现了对陈述语气与虚拟语气辨析的考查。虚拟语气在各种从句中的应用是该部分的重点掌握内容。

瑞思学科英语怎么样

It sounds as though she has been really ill。

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