第十六讲 简单句、并列句和复合句威尼斯国际平台app,英语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

by admin on 2019年10月22日

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will
continue to be rejected。

安分守己在句中的功用,名词性从句分为:主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句五种。

但它们有区别

  从句按其在复合句中的成效,分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、定语从句和状语从句等。(参见以下各样)

________ quick , ______ you willmiss the early bus.

威尼斯国际平台app 1
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The first place that they visited in Guilin was Lijing。

Her favourite job is teaching English.→ What is her favourite job?   It
is interesting to read such a story. → How is it to read such a story?

  如:Lucy said to me, “How can I help?” →Lucy asked me how she could
help.

which\that

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

并列句指把多个同样首要的句子连接在联合具名,句子之间常用and, not only…but
also…, neither…nor…, then等并列连词连接。

My interests are reading  novels, playing football and singing songs.  
 

  并列复合句是由四个或七个以上并列而又单独的粗略句构成。多少个简单句常由并列连接词连在一齐;但不时并不是连接词,只在四个简易句之间用风流罗曼蒂克逗号或分行。

  1. 低头状语从句

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life. 
独有任怨任劳、正直,一人在生活中技能学有所成。 

b.
as可替代主句的故事情节,引导的非限制性定语从句既可放在主句从前,也可放在主句之后。常用来下列句型:as
is known to all, as is said, as is reported, as is announced, as we all
know, as I expect 等。比方: He got the first place again in this
mid-term examination, as we expected。

The window needs (requires, wants) cleaning (to be cleaned).

  (4)
定语从句:在复合句中作定语用修饰句子中某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。

时刻状语从句的教导词有when, before, after, until, assoon as, since,
while, as 等

  5.The+比较级,the+比较级  表示“越….。。越….。。”。

⑥在”介词+关系代词”结构中,关系代词只可以用which和whom,且无法轻松;如若介词在句末,关系代词可用which,
that, whom, 口语中也可用who,且可归纳。比如:

  1. 在感官动词:

  (2) 表示在两个之间接选举择叁个, 常用的连接词有or,otherwise,or
else,either…or…等,前后分句的时态往往保持大器晚成致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第1个分句用以往时。

He worksharder in order that he can go to a good college.

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  作者梦想你安然一些。 

④在句式hardly/scarcely…when…, no
sooner…than…中,第1个分句中过去形成时,第4个分句用日常过去时。比方:She
had hardly sat down when the phone rang。

(1)It was snowing when he arrived at the construction site.

  ①不用引号,而用三番三遍词that,但不时候可粗略。

练习

  1.并列句:由and, or , but连接的多少个句子成为并列句。

① 句子类别两种分类法

  1. with结构在句子中的地方:

  关系副词when或where引导定语从句时,它们在从句中分别作时间状语和地点状语。如:This
is the room where they had a quarrel a week ago.
(那是二个星期前他们吵嘴的屋企。) / I can never forget the day when I
first saw you. (笔者永世不会忘记第一遍拜望你的光景。)

  1. 宾语从句的时态

  1. 宾语从句:平时难题句做宾语,引进if或whether

坚决守护句子的用处,意大利语的语句可分:陈说句(确定、否定)、疑问句(日常、特殊、选用、反意)、祈使句、惊叹句等八种。

用作名词时,表达主语的剧情,就此提问时,用what ;

  2、用“So / Nor / Neither + 助动词 +
主语”倒装结构意味着第肆位物的气象与上文的人选景况亦然。如:汤姆 went to
the beach last week, and, so did I. (Tom上个星期去了海滩,笔者也是。) / Li
Mei’s bought nothing from the shop. Neither has 吉姆.
(李梅没有在店里买哪些,吉姆也尚无买。)

  1. 宾语从句的语序 :要用陈诉句语序。
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c. as 辅导非限制性定语从句时与which的分化

他迟早会成功,因为她很认真。

  相比较状语从句平日由as, than, as
(so)…as等指导,常常差非常少从句的谓语部分,只剩余人词或代词(用主格或宾格均可)。如:Jane
is much taller than I/me. (Jane比自身体高度多了。) / I don’t have as many
books as you (do). (作者书未有您多)

二、单项选用

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in
Shanghai。

1.简单句、并列句和复合句

as所代表的意在言外较强,指导的投降状语从句用倒装语序;

  (1) 用来延续四个并列概念的连天词有and , not only…but also…,
neither…nor…等,and所连接的内外分句往往代表前后相继关系、递进关系。前后分句的时态往往保持风流洒脱致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第一个分句用未来时。

  1. 关系代词特殊用法

  3. 否定词后置倒装:scarcely…when。.

高等高校统一招考对简易句、并列句和复合句的试验首要回顾:句子的构造、连词的选拔、从句与主句的谓语动词的时态、主语和从句的语序、一些习于旧贯用语和特殊的句式应用。

既是您对此如此有把握,他会信赖你的。  

  (3) 表明八个概念互相有冲突、相反可能转载,
常用的连接词有but,yet,still ,however等,前后分句时态精神激昂致。

My leg hurts so I go to see a doctor. 小编的腿疼,因而小编去看医务职员。

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用
would,能够象征央求,平日意味着说话人的伤心或可惜。

(2)连接状语从句的用语

The flowers want watering.

  ④
限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从句在句中无法轻便,否则主句意思就不完全。非限制性定语从句和主句之间每每用逗号分开,这种从句是生气勃勃种附加表明,借使从句子中节约,也不致于影响主句的情致。如:She
spent the whole evening talking about her latest book, which none of us
had heard of.
(她八个晚间都在斟酌她近日的书,大家一人都未有听别人说过那本书。)

德语轻巧句、并列句、复合句剖析

  8. 缘故状从:as 的用法。例句:The Singapore passengers begin to
decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

⑤ 指引定语从句的关系副词有的时候能够用“介词 + which”来顶替。例如:

Missing the train means waiting for another hour.

  例如:That is why he did not come to school yesterday. / It is
because you are so clever.

  1. 宾语从句的指点词

  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

I am surprised /shocked that you should speak in such a way。

a working method 专业方法

  附加注释

Tom’ mother asked him_____________ _______ to try
something new.

  5. 宾语从句:放在介词前面,作介词的宾语。

(5)使用定语从句时需注意的多少个难点

(五)Ving方式作宾语
Ving格局具备动词和名词的习性,在句中起名词效用,可作宾语。

  2、时间、条件、原因,退让状语从句放在句首时供给用逗号与主句隔开分离。

A. whereB. when C. whose D. which

  You are a student, so am I。

意味着因果关系常用的连词有:so, for, therefore等。

涉及代词as深厉浅揭定语从句时,不仅可以够单独行使,也得以与其他词连用,其用法要比that和which更为复杂。

  (5) 表示结果,用三翻五次词so, 前后分句时态生机勃勃致。

Wear your coat, ____ you’ll catch a cold.

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to
rain tomorrow。

意味着选用涉及常用的连词有:or, either…or…, otherwise等

have, get, send, leave等应用动词;

  如:He says,”I am not from the USA.”→He says that he is not from the
USA.

a. so that b. when c. because d. until

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time. 
小编后悔不应当浪费这么多日子。( 实际三月经浪费掉了。) 

地址状语从句:where,wherever(无论这里)。

The man standing by the window is our teacher. Many frightened people
rushed out of the burning building.  

  地方状语从句普通由 where, wherever等带领。如:Go back where you came
from! (何地来还滚到哪个地方去!) / I will never forget to catch the thief
who stole my necklace wherever he may be.
(小编长久也不会遗忘去吸引那么些偷作者项链的贼,无论她会在哪儿。)

  1. Benasked me ______ I had read the news in today’s newspaper.

  语法知识点3

Such was the force of the explosion that windows were blown out。

例如:

  如:汤姆’s father was the first parent whom our teacher talked to.
(汤姆的爹爹是大家教育工小编先是个出口的人。)

a. that b. which c. where d. when

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the
new task at
once。既然大家把富有材质都策画好了,我们应该及时初始那项新的办事。

  1. 定语从句

(3) You will grow wiser as you grow older.

  [注意]
1、because与so;(al)though与but;if与so不能同在二个句子中成对出现。

They said that they had already finished thework.

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.   
作者愿意了然这么些主题材料的答案。(缺憾不知底。) 

二。命题导向

He likes being helped.

  4、直接引语如是祈使句,变直接引语时,须将祈使句变为动词不定式,并在动词不定式前用tell,
ask, order. 如:He said to the little boy,“ Come here, young man! ”

修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。被定语从句修饰的词叫先行词,指点定语从句的词叫关系词(关系代词和事关副词)。

  2.only教导的倒装句型:only +状语
(或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

(3) 名词性从句中的特殊时态

【比较】

  ①主题方式:(主句+)连词+从句主语+从句谓语+…

He tells us that he has been able to lookafter himself.

  4.it方式宾语:和it 作方式主语一样,  大家常用it 来作方式宾语,
把真正的宾语从句放在句末, 这种意况极度出现在带复合宾语的语句中。

I want to buy the same shirt as yours。

  1. 在keep, find, notice, have, feel, hear, see,
    leave…等动词后常用Ving情势作宾语补足语。 比如:

  1、概念:

a. after b. before c. since d. for

  文章来源:跨考教育[微博]

鉴于总是代词与连接副词在句中不再是疑问句,由此从句中谓语不用难题语序。连接代词与连接副词在从句当做句子成分,而三番两次词whether
和if(是或不是),在从句中不担当句子成分,只起接连功效。

as,because,since都能够象征因果关系,连接原因状语从句,含义是“因为,由于”。

  →He asked the little boy to go there.

相约在中年人的路上

  1.as…as.。。指导的可比级:(1)“as +形容词或副词原级+
as+被相比较对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you.
他像您同风度翩翩学习努力。

Try as she might, Carol couldn’t get the door open。

He was afraid of being left at home.

  ②
语法术语的变动:被修饰的名词或代词称为先行词;教导定语从句的连续几日词称为关系词,在这之中that、which、who称为涉嫌代词,where、when、how称为关系副词。

5) 主+谓+宾+宾补.I find that book very useful.

  3.wish引导的虚构语气:wish
前边的从句,当代表与实际相反的情事,或意味着以往不太大概完成的意思时,其宾语从句的动词情势为: 

(3)关系代词和涉嫌副词的用法:

单个分词作者定语时,放在被修饰的名词在此之前。

  2、直接引语如若是形似疑问句,变为直接引语时,需用附属连接词whether或if辅导,词序要改成。如:Lin
Tao said to Miss Green, “Is it made in China?” →Lin Tao asked Miss Greenif it was made in China.

a. after b. when c. unless d. if

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

风度翩翩。考试大纲须求

二、 动词-ing模式作宾语。

  主从复合句由三个主句和二个或二个以上的从句构成。主句为句子的侧入眼,从句只用作句子的八个附带成分,不可能独立成为四个句子。从句平常由关联词教导,并由关联词将从句和主句联系在联合。如:While
the grandparents love the children, they are strict with
them.(伯公外婆们很爱孩子,同期对她们也严俊须要。) / It seemed as if the
meeting would never end.(看起来会议无休无止。) / Hurry up, or (else)
you’ll be late.(快点, 要否则就来不如了。) / However I cook eggs, the
child still refuses to eat
them.(不管笔者用怎么着点子煮鸭蛋,小孩依然不肯吃。)

They willhave a picnic unless it rains next Sunday.

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

(2)定语从句的关系代词和关系副词

(“with+复合宾语”结构,在句中作定语)

  be sorry / afraid / sure / glad +that从句,如:I’m sorry I’m late.
(对不起,作者迟到了。) / I’m afraid he isn’t in at the moment.
(只怕他此时不在家。)

She ______ gave us a lot of advice, _______helped us to
overcome difficulties.

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

October 1, 1949 was the day on which (= when) the new China was
founded。

(without+代词 +不定式,作标准状语)

  如主句是过去时,从句则对应地采用过去某不常态,碰着客观真理时依旧用明天时。如:I
think I will do better in English this term.
(作者想本学期小编的波兰语会学得好点。) / The teacher asked the boy if the
earth is round. (老师问这么些男孩地球是还是不是圆的。)

He didn’tcome because he was ill.

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English
?你还记得教大家乌克兰(Ukraine)语的非凡女孩啊?

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2) It’s so nice talking to you. 很欢欣和你开口。

  die、dead、death的用法:die是动词,能够独立做谓语,有种种时态变化,也能够成为非谓语格局作句子的其余元素;dead是形容词,作句子的定语、表语或宾语补足语;death是名词,作句子的主语、宾语等。如:I’m
going to die! (笔者要死了!) / The man has been dead for about three
months. (那家伙死了四个月左右。) / He is worried to death.
(他急得要死。)

Put allthe things _____they were.

  2.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 +sb
表示“前者情状适用于前者”。例句:

③ 关系代词as的用法

当那一个动词用于被动语态时,作宾语补足语的动词-ing情势就相应形成了主语补足语。

  指标状语从句平日由so that…, so…hat…, in order that…
等指导,往往放在句尾,从句中数见不鲜含有can / could / may /
might等千姿百态动词。如:He got up earlier so that he could catch the first
train. (他动身更早为的是蒙受第大器晚成班车。)

  1. This shirt was so cheap that becould buy it.
  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could +动原
跟过去事实相反 had+done would/should/might/could+have done
跟将来事实相反 should+动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could +动原


since指点的岁月状语从句多用常常过去时,而含有since从句的主句平时用今日实现时。比方:I
haven’t met her since I left university。

用when时,从句的动作可以与主句的动作同期发生,也足以先于主句的动作产生;

  3、直接引语要是是破例疑问句,变为直接引语时,需用疑问词教导,词序是:连词+主语+谓语。

a.until b. though c. because

  4. If虚构条件句

指标状语从句:in order that (为了),so that (以便)。

他四年前以旅客的地位来过中华。

  抢先行词是指事物的不安代词(all,
anything等),或事先词部分含有最高档,或包括序数词时,不可能用其余的涉及代词,只好用that.
如:All that Lily told me seems untrue. (Lily告诉作者的话仿佛不忠实。) /
Can you give me anything that has no sugar inside?
(能否给本身点里面没有糖的东西?) / This is the first two-story bus that
runs in our city. (这是率先辆运转于笔者市的双层公共交通车。)

(2) 主句是病故时态,宾语从句应使用过去时的对合时态。

  10. 不定式:不定式做指标状语。例句:We get up very early to catch
the first bus。

Much as I have traveled, I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as
John。

五、 动词-ing形式作状语

  ④ 下列结构后边的从句平时也视作宾语从句看待:

—-_____ you told me you would. What’shappening?

  6.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 表示 “既然”。与 since
的分歧之处在于,now that
引出的总得是四个新出现的实际或意况,倘使如故仍然,和过去对照并不曾转变,则不用
now that 教导。

意味着转会关系常用的连词有:but, still, however, yet, while, when等。

With结构构成艺术如下

  原因状语从句平时由because, since,
as等引导,日常位于句首或句尾。如:He went abroad because his father had
found a good university for him.
(他出国了,因为他老爸给她找了人山人海所好大学。)

4)先行词中既有人又有物时。

  (2)在否定句或难点句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as
fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

He made a long speech, which was unexpected。

翻译手艺中的“玄天指”

  (1)
表语从句:在句子中作连系动词的表语的从句,它坐落主句中的系动词之后。

考试的地点四 状语从句

  9. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will
be our next president。

(3) It is+动词的过去分词+ that…句型。常见的动词有advise, order, propose,
request, suggest, demand, require等。

with结构有所上述意义和特征,而”介词with+名词或代词(组)”组成的形似的with短语在句子中得以作定语和状语。

  时间状语从句普通由when ,as ,while, after, before, since, as soon as
,since, till (until), while, whenever
等教导。时间状语从句平常位于句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句不容许接收未来时,而相应用明日时代替。如:
When you finish the work, you may go out to play with 山姆.
(你完了工作就足以出来和吉姆一同玩了。) / I won’t leave until Mum comes
back. (母亲回来了小编才会走。)

a. where does he come from b. where is he from

  ⑶代表对北周的不合理愿望:谓语动词情势为“would/ should/ could/ might
+动词原形”。在此种景色下,主句的主语与从句的主语不可能一直以来,因为主句的主语所企望的从句动作能还是不能落到实处,决意于从句主语的稀奇古怪或希望(非动作名词除此而外)
。 

(5)状语从句的大约

例如:

  5、直接引语变为直接引语时,提醒代词以至代表时间和地方的词或词组应作相应更动

2)先行词被形容词最高等修饰时。

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because
we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

(1)名词性从句分类:

(名词+现在分词构成的独自己作主格结构,作主语)

  (5)
主语从句:在句子中担当句子主语的从句叫主语从句。位于谓语动词以前。常常由that,whether以致难题连词指点。日常景况下,常用it替代主语从句,而将主语从句移到句尾。如:When
we should start is still a question.
(我们该在怎么时候初步依旧个难题呢。)

  1. Thisis the most interesting book____ I’ve read before.

  语法知识点2

正如状语从句:(not) as/so…as…,than…, the more…the more…(越……越……)
教导。

⑧在should (would) like / love等后须用不定式。

  (3)
状语从句:在复合句中作状语,其职分能够在主句前或主句后。状语从句能够分成时间、地方、原因、指标、结果、相比、妥胁、条件等二种。状语从句由附属连接词辅导。

Since weare students, we should study hard.

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to
work out the problem.  唯有那位女子知道什么样解那道题。

(1)定语从句的归类

2.From space the earth looks like a huge water-covered globe with a few
patches of land sticking out above the water.

  ② 关于宾语从句连词的取舍:

a. that b. which c.who d. whom

  语法知识点1

②在insist(坚持), urge (催促), order(命令), command(命令),
suggest(建议),advise(建议),recommend(建议,推荐),
request(央浼,须求),
demand(供给),require(需要,须要)等动词后的宾语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,
should可总结。

The book is worth reading.

  [注解]

  1. Youwill be late ____ you hurry up.

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes
competition. 合资化的长处在于能有帮忙相互竞争。

缘由状语从句:because, since, as, now that。

例如:

  更加多高等高校统一招考消息请访谈:今日头条高考频道
高等高校统一招考论坛
高等学园统一招考博客圈

(3) 引导特殊疑问句,要用原本的特有疑问词。

  ⑴代表对现市价况的虚拟:从句动词用过去式或过去进行式表示,be
的千古式用were.   

当主句和从句语义意气风发致时,用as辅导;反之,用which来指引非限制性定语从句;当非限制订语从句为否定意义时,常用which指点。举例:

2.as用作连词引导原因状语从句

  3、关系代词作者从句的宾语时,常用which或whom,非常少使用that或who,而且,关系代词平时省略。

1) that后的句子是或不是定句,常用too…to实行改换。

  6.状语从句轻易(分词作者状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语后生可畏致,状从轻松接收分词作者状语。例句:

So successful was her business that Marie was able to set up new
branches elsewhere.

自个儿试着又干了一次。

  ②人称作相应改造;

whose

  7. 缘故状从:for的用法。由because
指点的从句假诺身处句末,且前面有逗号,则足以用并列连词 for
来代替。但若是还是不是表达直接原因,而是各样情景再说估量,就不得不用 for
。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill.
他明日没来,因为他生病了。

③ 在包括advice, order, demand, proposal(提出), requirement,
suggestion等名词的表语从句、同位语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,should可归纳。

It is no use arguing with him.

  主从复合句

I want to know ________the train _________

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能结束。 

④ however与形容词、副词一同指导迁就状语从句,句子选用陈诉语序。举例:

一)Ving形式作定语

  3、各从句在句子中的地点以致用法:

三、写出下列句子的同义词,每空龙精虎猛词。

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in.
他注解她不会屈服。 

②在so/such…that.。.结果状语从句中,so+形容词/副词或such+名词置于句首时,主句采取局部倒装语序。举个例子:

(名词+介词短语构成的单身主格结构,作状语,表示伴随意况)。

  并列句基本概念:

  1. Nowmany parents send their children to foreign countries, _____
    they want them toget a better education.

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will
become。大家越惊慌困难,困难就能够变得越强盛。

It is strange /surprising that she should not have been invited。

We don’t allow smoking here. we don’t allow students to smoke.

  条件状语从句平日由if, unless, as longas等指点,条件状语从句平日位于句首或句尾,非常注意,时间状语从句不允许利用现在时,而应当用现时时代替。You
will certainly fail in the coming final exams unless you work much
harder. (将要光降的期末考试你早晚考不比格,除非您更用心。) / If it doesn’
t rain tomorrow, we shall go hiking.
(假如明天不降水大家就要去徒步游览。)

He oftenhelps others though\ although he is not rich.

  ⑵代表对过去景观的杜撰:从句动词用had +过去分词。 

岁月状语从句:when, whenever每当……,after, before, as, as soon as,
hardly/ scarcely…when…, no sooner…than.。.风流倜傥……就……,while, till,
until, since, once。名词词组the first time第三遍,last
time最终三遍,every/each time每一回,the next time下一次,the next
day第二天, the moment, the minute, the second, the instant
意气风发……就……;副词immediately, instantly, directly等也可作连词使用。

② Ving情势作主语,谓语动词用单数。

  极其表达:由于各地点情状的不独有调解与转换,乐乎网所提供的全部考试消息仅供参照他事他说加以考察,敬请考生以权威部门揭橥的正式音信为准。

The man __________spokeat the meeting is from Hong Kong.
(指人作主语)

  3.定语从句 who指点的限定性定从。例句:

回顾句独有三个主语或并列主语和贰个谓语或并列谓语。并列句由并列连词and,
but,
or,so等)或分行(;)把多个或八个以上的总结句连在一同构成。复合句:含有多个或几个以上从句的句子。复合句富含:状语从句\名词性从句(主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句)和定语从句等二种。

  1. 下列动词前边日常要用动词-ing方式作宾语。 enjoy, finish, stop, mind,
    suggest, practise, excuse(原 谅),appreciate, keep, risk(冒险), consider,
    admit, miss(遗失), imagine, avoid(防止), delay(推迟) resist, cannot
    help等。

  2. 在need, want, require, be worth 等动词(短语)后边常用动词  
     -ing的积极性格局表示被动意义。

  4、当提到代词紧跟在介词前边时,必需用which或whom,而当介词移到句尾时,则又足以选拔that或who.

The shirtwas so cheap that he bought it. à the shirt was cheap enough
forhim to buy.

  2. 原因状语从句:since指导的

(3)从句中的语序

动词-ing情势作状语时,能够表示时间、原因、伴随境况、条件、结果等。

  2、常见的并列句:

  1. Somepeople like to play mahjong, ____ others don’t.

(4)从句和主句中谓语动词的时态

although语气稍正式些,可放在句首,也可放在句中,主句中不可能再用but,但足以用yet;

新车了。)

  1. —-What would some students like to do after finishing their
    education?

定语从句分为限制性定语从句非限制性定语从句二种。限制性定语从句对先行词起修饰和限制功能,而非限制性定语从句对先行词起互补和释疑表明效果与利益。平常限制性定语从句与先行词之间从未逗号,而非限制性定语从句与先行词之间有逗号隔绝。

Stop speaking.  

  4、惊叹句中国和日本常将被惊叹的片段前移,而将句子的主谓语全体前置。
如:What a beautiful flower (it is)! (那是多卓绝的花!)

If itdosen’t rain, I” ll go fishing.

形式状语从句:as(正如;遵照),as if/as though (好像)辅导。

with
结构在句中作状语,表示时间、条件、原因时经常位于句子前边,并用逗号与句子分开;表示方法和陪伴情状时日常位于句子后边,不用逗号分开。

  1、THERE BE句型以致以here、there开头的语句。如: There are a lot of
children in the showroom. (在展览室里有点不清的孩子。)/ Here comes the
bus. (公共交通车来了。) / There goes the bell. (铃响了。) / The door opened
and in came Mr Lee. (门开了,李先生走了进来。)

Do you want to leave now ____ would yourather set off later?

② 用which而不用
that的情状:辅导非限制性定语从句;指代整个主句的意思;用于介词 的背后+
关系代词。举个例子:Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street, which used to be
poorly run, is now a successful business. For many cities in the world,
there is no room to spread our further, of which New York is an
example。

四、 动词-ing形式作定语

  1、直接引语和直接引语:在呈报句中,直接援引说话人原先的说话,称为直接引语。在挥洒时,直接引语用引号。用自身的词语来转述表明原本说话人说的剧情,称为直接引语。

  1. ____he is young, ____ he knows several languages.

名词性从句的连接词可分为三类:that无词义,在从句中不担负成分,有的时候可被回顾;表示“是或不是”用whether,独有在宾语从句中,whether可被人if代替。Whether和if在从句中不肩负成分。假使从句缺少主语、表语、宾语、或定语等句子成分,用三番两次代词what,
whatever, who, whoever, whom, whose,
which;借使从句缺乏状语,用再三再四副词when, where, how, why。

三、 with结构的特色

  1、直接引语假若是陈说句,变为直接引语时应注意以下各点:

1)Sheasked me, “Will you go to the cinema tomorrow?”
(改为含宾语从句的复合句)

④涉及代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词单数如故用复数应由先行词决定。举个例子:

2) We found the old lady lying in bed.

  Mr Smith said to his girl friend,“ I haven’ t seen you for a long
time.”

  1. 意味着顺承关系的:and, not only…but also(不仅仅….并且….)等。

(2) It is +名词+that…句型。常见的名词有pity, shame, advice, suggestion,
proposal(建议,建议), requirement, request, desire, order等。

(2)as单独指导定语从句
as单独教导定语从句时,先行词能够是二个词,也足以是一个句子或短语。

  ③
宾语从句的时态难点:假设主句是前天时,从句则用现时某有的时候态,以至能够用过去时;

He ran ____ fast ______ _____________ catch up
with.

Once I get him a job, he’ll be fine。

a waiting car = the car that is waiting

  妥胁状语从句平日由though (although), as, even if( even though),
however, whatever等引导。如:伊夫n if you pay the debt(债务) for me, I
will not thank you because it has nothing to do with me.
(纵然你替自身还了债作者也不会感激你,因为它与我毫非亲非故系。) / He wears a
T-shirt though it is very cold. (他穿了风度翩翩件外套衫,即使天极冷。)

2) 主+系+表. She is a teacher.

Though lacking money, his parents managed to send him to university。

他老妈做饭时她在看TV。

  2、直接引语改造为直接引语:

对症下药词有though, although, even if, even though(尽管)等。

①当连词as,
though连接妥协状语从句时,作表语的名词、形容词、动词平时置于句首,构成都部队分倒装语序。举例:

自个儿不赏识她援用的那么些书。

  ③主句里的动词假若是过去时,直接引语中的时态日常应作相应更动:
日常现在时变平常过去时;平常以往时变过去未来时;以往举办时变过去举办时;现在成功时成为过去成功时;平时过去时造成过去到位时;但貌似过去时如与三个切实可行的千古时间连用,则时态不改变。

作宾语

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